Alkaline surface of Hortobágy pusztá has been to its today likewise shaped with water. 20-30 thousand years ago has here unregulated streams rushed river Tisza and regular floods gave life to here living plants and animals. In Copper and Bronze Age according to archeological findings have alreday lived people there, islands in wetlands were excellent for cultivation and over the time became estabilished there also a pasturage. On an area of 2300 square kilometres usually reeves from Debrecen pastured their bovines, in 16th and 17th century was also expanded breeding of renowned gray cattle, which was then sold in western parts of Europe. Across the territory of Hortobágy led also an important trade route, at that time were typical buildings called csárda multiplied and in 19th century was by the projects of Ferenc Povolny built a famous, 167m long bridge with nine holes (arces), the scene of many markets. In the middle of 18th century people started to regulate the stream of river Tisza. This operation fundamentally disrupted previous peaceful lifestyle of pusztá, striked to its ecology, similar damages caused also violent scale and sewerage in the fifties of the 19th century. Hermitage lifestyle slowly disappeared, today exists only in the form of touristic interest. Next to the bridge with nine arches can be found since the year of 1966 lonely village of Hortobágy, nearby is the village of Máta, which is a home of Hortobágy horse stables. Here can viewers occasionally entertain on interesting programmes. Well known is also a Hortobágy Cattle Museum, which was sometime a a wagon garage.
not my photos anymore: